Saratov JOURNAL of Medical and Scientific Research

etiology

Pediatric flatfoot: etiopathogenesis and diagnostics

Year: 2018, volume 14 Issue: №3 Pages: 389-395
Heading: Traumatology and Orthopedics Article type: Review
Authors: Zatravkina T.Yu., Rubashkin S.A., Dokhov M.M.
Organization:
Summary:

Longitudinal flatfoot is heterogeneous group of conditions, characterized by a decrease of longitudinal arch height. In mobile flatfoot, this decrease is dynamic, it occurs under vertical load and proceeds asymptomatically. Specialists should pay attention to the "pathological" flatfoot developing with pain syndrome or causing severe gait disturbance. The review analyzes the fundamental and current opinions of local and foreign researchers on the development of flatfoot in children. Literatural data of age dynamics of foot development, epidemiology of flatfoot in childhood, the influence of flatfoot on the foot and gait biomechanics and basic diagnostic methods are presented.

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The etiological role of opportunistic microflora in the pathogenesis of implant-associated inflammation in patients after primary total knee replacement

Year: 2018, volume 14 Issue: №1 Pages: 30-34
Heading: Traumatology and Orthopedics Article type: Original article
Authors: Babushkina I.V., Bondarenko A.S., Ulyanov V.Yu., Chibrikova Yu.A., Adilov R.G., Kupina E.S.
Organization: Saratov State Medical University
Summary:

The aim: to study etiological role of opportunistic microflora in the pathogenesis of implant-associated inflammation in patients after primary knee joint replacement and antibiotic sensitivity of main agent groups. Material and Methods. The retrospective analysis of microbiological samples of 383 patients with implant-associated inflammation occurred after primary total knee replacement. Results. Gram-positive cocci (63.5%) are the leading agents of implant-associ- ated inflammation, and there is an increase in the etiological role of coagulase-positive Staphylococci. Main agents of Gram-negative group were Enterobacteraceae and non-enzyme bacteria. We revealed high resistance of Staphylo-coccus spp. to antibiotics of various groups. Oxazolidinones and glycylcyclines were the most active among all antibiotic groups. Gram-negative bacteria were highly resistant to cephalosporine and macrolides with carbapenems and fluoroquinolones being most active. Conclusion. Gram-negative Enterobacteraceae, non-enzyme bacteria and Gram-positive cocci are most significant etiological factors in the pathogenesis of implant-associated inflammation in patients after primary total knee replacement.

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Revisiting of etiology, clinical picture and diagnosis of the Kleine-Levin syndrome.

Year: 2017, volume 13 Issue: №1 Pages: 181-187
Heading: Neurology Article type: Case report
Authors: Ulyanova О.V., Kutashov V.A.
Organization: Voronezh State Medical University n.a. N.N. Burdenko
Summary:

Objective: to draw the attention to the Kleine - Levin syndrome (SKL), a rare, poorly understood disease, not only in Russia but throughout the world. We analyzed the case of the 23-year old patient M, with the Kleine — Levin syndrome. SKL belongs to the group of recurrent hypersomnia and is characterized by long bouts of sleep lasting an average of 10-14 days, beginning with the imperative and difficulty awakening. During bouts of sleep observed unusual behavior of patients: hyperphagia; hypersexuality in males; irritability, restlessness, impaired mental activity; aggression; feeling of unreality of it all; confusion, hallucinatory episodes and depression in females. During wakefulness, marked dyspho-ria, emotional stupefaction, loss of memory. The syndrome develops in 4 times more often in men than in women, aged 12-25 years. Etiological factors: brain tumor, head trauma, metabolic disorders, acute infectious diseases with fever. Often the development of the syndrome is preceded by hyperemia and hypothalamic-pituitary dysfunction. The article discussed the etiology, diagnosis, and possible combinations of clinical manifestations in SKL.

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Retrocervical endometriosis: etiology, pathogenesis, classification, diagnosis and treatment

Year: 2016, volume 12 Issue: №2 Pages: 138-144
Heading: Obstetrics and Gynecology Article type: Review
Authors: Tarlamazian A.V., Stolyarova U.V.
Organization: Saratov State Medical University
Summary:

The review deals with contemporary issues of etiology, pathogenesis, classification, diagnosis and treatment of retrocervical endometriosis on the basis of existing data in the literature on this disease. Among the various forms of endometrial disease incidence retrocervical endometriosis, according to various authors, is 30-34%. The process is characterized by the formation of deep infiltrative lesions, originating from the recto-vaginal septum, without capsules and clear boundaries, extensively localizing, affecting the adjacent organs with the formation of scar-adhesions and characterizing this pathology as a multi-disciplinary (gynecological, surgical, urological). There are many options etio-pathogenesis of retrocervical endometriosis, but none of them fully explains the diversity of forms of expression and localization of this pathology. Particular attention is paid to the influence of immune and hormonal factors on the development of the disease. It is noted that currently there is no single universally accepted by clinicians and morphology full classification of retrocervical endometriosis, and there are no generally accepted standards of its diagnosis. The variants of the treatment of this disease have been considered including hormonal and immunomodulatory therapies.

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Clinical features of mastocytosis in children

Year: 2015, volume 11 Issue: №3 Pages: 439-441
Heading: Dermatovenerology Article type: Case report
Authors: Shustova О.А., Schnaider D.A., Morrison A.V., Sherstobitova K.Y.
Organization: Saratov State Medical University, SEH «Saratov regional dermatovenerologic dispensary»
Summary:

A case of cutaneous mastocytosis, relating to the rarely seen dermatoses, is presented in the study. The data of etiology, pathogenesis, clinical picture are generalize.

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On the relationship between innate and adaptive immunity in psoriasis

Year: 2015, volume 11 Issue: №3 Pages: 421-423
Heading: Dermatovenerology Article type: Review
Authors: Nikolashina О.Е., Bakulev A.L.
Organization: Penza Regional Clinical Center of specialized types of medical care, Saratov State Medical University
Summary:

There is an overview of the current literature data, which reflects the key aspects of the etiology and pathogenesis of psoriasis. A genetically determined, multifactorial nature of the dermatosis was displayed. There were summarized numerous domestic and foreign data on immunological (cellular, humoral, mediator, extravasation, angiogenesis) and non-immune mechanisms of genesis of psoriasis.

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Sclerotic disease, integrative diagnosis, chronic forms and treatment of diseases

Year: 2015, volume 11 Issue: №3 Pages: 268-274
Heading: Internal Diseases Article type: Review
Authors: Kats Ya.A., Parkhoniuk E.V., Skriptsova S.A.
Organization: Saratov State Medical University
Summary:

The aim of the article is to determine the importance of an integrative approach to identify and analyze the phases or stages of the example of chronic sclerotic disease (CSD). The proposed concept of CSD is to use the diagnostic methods before sclerotic period, based on an analysis of indicators of intensity of the functional systems responsible for collagen formation and collagen lysis taking into account the potential of genetically caused features of sclerosis. Thus, special attention is paid to pre-disease stage including the history and molecular genetic studies which predict the nature of the possible diseases and determine the risk of formation of CSD. The proposed methodology and techniques, as well as obtained with their help data define the possibility of risk groups identification, the direction and volume of the survey.

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