Saratov JOURNAL of Medical and Scientific Research


The capacity of the thrombin generation test in the diagnostics of hemostasis system disorders in patients with osteoarthritis

Year: 2018, volume 14 Issue: №3 Pages: 602-606
Heading: Traumatology and Orthopedics Article type: Original article
Authors: Shakhmartova S.G., Vorobyova I.S., Puchinyan D.M.

Aim: to determine the diagnostic significance of thrombin generation test parameters in the diagnostics of hemostatic disorders in patients with osteoarthritis of large joints in preoperative period. Material and Methods. 137 subjects have been investigated, among whom there were 115 hip and knee osteoarthritis patients, submitted for primary arthroplasty (68) and re-prosthetics (47); control group — 22 conventionally healthy blood donors. All subjects underwent plasma hemostasis study and thrombin generation test with two activators — RB (TF 2 pmol/ml) and RC-low (TF 5 pmol/ ml). Osteoarthritis patients were divided into two groups according to the results of thrombin generation test. The 1st group included patients with an adequate response to the stronger activator (t-lagR >t-lag ow, tt-peak^tt-peak^^), the 2nd —with an inversion response (t-lagRBlow). Results. In trie control group and group 1 patients, the thrombin formation process is more pronounced when using an activator with a high TF(RC-low) content than when using an activator with a lowTF (RB) content, which is regarded as an adequate reaction of thrombin formation to the action of a stronger agonist. Patients of the 2nd group inresponse to the action of the activator with a high content of TF was observed inhibition of the reaction of formation of thrombin, which was reflected in the slowdown in the speed of the generation of this enzyme and reduce its quantity. Conclusion. The use of two activators with different concentrations of tissue factor in the test of thrombin generation allows the nature of the response of the hemocoagulation system to initiate the process of thrombin formation to identify patients with adequate and inadequate response.

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Characteristics of changes in the number of yH2AX and Rad51 protein foci in human skin fibroblasts after prolonged exposure to low-dose rate X-ray radiation

Year: 2014, volume 10 Issue: №4 Pages: 739-743
Heading: Genetics Article type: Original article
Authors: Ozerov I.V., Eremin P.S., Osipov A.N., Eremin I.I., Tsvetkova A.D., Guseva S.S., Ivanova K.Yu., Gavrilenko 0.I., Pustovalova M.V., Smetanina N.M., Grekhova A.K., Lazareva N.L., Pullin A.A., Maksimova О.A., Gordeev A.V., Bushmanov A.Yu., Kotenko K.V.
Organization: Lomonosov Moscow State University, State Scientific Research Center n.a. A.I. Burnasyan — Federal Medical Biophysical Center of Federal Medical Biological Agency

Aim: to compare the repair process of DNA double-strand breaks in mammalian cells after acute versus prolonged exposure to X-ray irradiation with different dose rates. Material and methods. Studies were performed on primary human fibroblasts isolated from skin biopsies of healthy volunteers (women, 29 and 30 years). Cells were irradiated using an X-ray machine RUB RUST-M1 (JSC "Ruselectronics", Moscow, Russia) at 37°C temperature with a dose rate of 400 mGy/min (200 kV, 2*2.4 mA, a filter of 1.5mm AI) or 4 mGy/min (50 kV, 2*0.4 mA, a filter of 1.5 mm AI). Immuno-cytochemical protein staining was utilized for yH2AX and Rad51 foci analysis. Results. Phosphorylated histone H2AX (yH2AX) and the key protein of homologous recombination Rad51 foci formation and disappearance kinetics were investigated simultaneously in primary human dermal fibroblasts after acute and prolonged exposure to X-ray radiation at a same dose. It was shown that the relative yield of yH2AX foci per dose reduces with decrease in dose rate, while the relative yield of Rad51 foci conversely increases. Conclusion. Our findings suggest the fundamental differences in the ratio of non-homologous end joining and homologous recombination DNA repair in acute versus prolonged irradiated cells.