Saratov JOURNAL of Medical and Scientific Research

Nikolenko V.N.

Moscow I.M. Sechenov State Medical University, Head of Department of Anatomy, Professor, Doctor of Medical Sciences

To the 175th birth anniversary of Professor D. N. Zernov

Year: 2019, volume 15 Issue: №3 Pages: 725-729
Heading: Scientific schools and memorable dates Article type:
Authors: Nikolenko V.N., Shvedavchenko A.l., Oganesyan M.V., Aleshkina O.Yu., Fomkina O.A., Aliyeva F.F.
Organization: Saratov State Medical University
Summary:

In 2018 the foundation of the medical faculty of the Imperial Moscow University (presently I.M. Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University) turned the 260th anniversary. The name of Dmitry Nikolaevich Zernov is among the brightest names of Moscow University. In May 1869, D. N. Zernov was approved as an Associate Professor of the faculty of medicine for teaching anatomy and lecturing for students. D. N. Zernov made a significant contribution to the formation of the department of anatomy at our University, both in the development of new scientific directions, and in the formation of a productive educational process. D. N. Zernov paid special attention to the teaching process. Professor»s research interests combined with his undeniable talent as an organizer.

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Somatic sex determination of an adult by bone remains (review)

Summary:

The article presents a comprehensive osteoscopic approach based on the visual identification of high- quality semi-diagnostic signs on the bones. The differences in the bones of the skeleton in this approach are determined by the greater development of the muscles in men as compared with women, as well as the performance of a fertility function by the woman. On the pelvic bones, differences are functional in nature: the structure of the male pelvis is determined only by supporting and motor functions, and the structure of the female pelvis must also ensure the function of delivery. An osteometric approach is described to determine the somatic sex from the pelvic bones of a person, the basis of which is the use of the instrumental method of determining the properties of objects, fixed in numerical values. It has been shown that almost all bones of the skeleton have the signs of sexual dimorphism, however, they are most clearly expressed in the bones of the pelvis and skull. Determining the gender of bone remains requires a complete examination of the bones presented. It depends on the number of objects, their state, the completeness of the methods used, as well as on the preparation of the expert. A careful analysis of the greatest number of signs revealed on the bones will allow us to arrive at the most reliable result, which is important when establishing the identity of an unidentified corpse.

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Anatomy of the posterior communicating artery

Year: 2018, volume 14 Issue: №1 Pages: 25-29
Heading: Human anatomy Article type: Review
Authors: Fomkina О.А., Nikolenko V.N., Gladilin Yu.A.
Organization: First Moscow State Medical University n.a. I.M. Sechenov, Saratov State Medical University
Summary:

Purpose: to generalize and systematize the information available in the literature about the anatomy of the posterior connective arteries in adults. Scientific works (monographs, articles, dissertations and abstracts of dissertations) of native and foreign authors for the period from 1928 to 2017 were worked out to achieve the goal. Data on the variants of artery discharge, areas of blood supply and major anomalies are presented. The size characteristics of arteries (length, outer diameter, wall thickness and lumen diameter) are presented taking into account bilateral, age and sexual differences.

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Biomechanical modelling of cerebral arteries at different variants of configuration of intracranial arteries of vertebrobasilar system

Year: 2016, volume 12 Issue: №2 Pages: 118-127
Heading: Macro- and Micromorphology Article type: Original article
Authors: Fomkina О.А., Ivanov D.V., Kirillova I.V., Nikolenko V.N.
Organization: Saratov State Medical University, Saratov state university
Summary:

The purpose is to consider the biomechanical modelling of cerebral arteries at different structural variants of intracranial arteries of vertebrobasilar system. Material and methods. By means of the system of the final and element analysis ANSYS on the basis of data on geometry, morphometricand biomechanical properties of cerebral arteries their biomechanical models have been constructed. On the received models for 9 structural variants of intracranial arteries of vertebrobasilar system, haemodynamic parameters and parameters of the intense deformed condition of walls of arteries have been analyzed. Results. The most frequent variant of a configuration of intracranial department of vertebrobasilar system is the combination of average in size of angles of connection of vertebrata and bifurcation of basilar arteries. Such option occurs in 49% of cases. More rare variant (1,5% of cases) with the narrow angles of connection of vertebrata and bifurcations of basilar arteries has been observed. The design of intracranial arteries of vertebrabasi-lar system exerts an impact on distribution of bloodflow and effective tension in a vascular wall of back brain arteries. Conclusion. According to the study it has been determined that the constructed individual biomechanical models may provide information on some parameters of haemodynamics and the intense deformed condition of a vascular wall which causes the development of atherosclerosis and intracranial aneurisms.

Anatomy of sphenoid part of middle cerebral artery in adults

Year: 2016, volume 12 Issue: №1 Pages: 15-18
Heading: Macro- and Micromorphology Article type: Review
Authors: Fomkina О.А., Nikolenko V.N., Gladilin Yu.A.
Organization: First Moscow State Medical University n.a. I.M. Sechenov, Saratov State Medical University
Summary:

The information about anatomy of middle cerebral artery in adults has been summarized on the basis of data analysis of domestic and foreign scientific literature. Material concerning options for arteries discharge, area of blood supply, major anomalies and size characteristics (outer diameter, wall thickness, lumen diameter) has been represented in this work.

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The interrelation between length parameters of the proximal phalanges and the middle and distal phalanges of the 2-5th fingers

Year: 2015, volume 11 Issue: №3 Pages: 247-249
Heading: Macro- and Micromorphology Article type: Short message
Authors: Bikbaeva T.S., Aleshkina O.Yu., Nikolenko V.N. Fomkina O.A.
Organization: First Moscow State Medical University n.a. I.M. Sechenov, Saratov State Medical University
Summary:

Objective: to determine the volume and direction of correlations of length of the proximal phalanges of the 2-5th fingers of the hand with osteometric parameters of phalanges of like fingers. Material and Methods. The length of proximal, medium and distal phalanges, as well as the width and height: the bases, body and heads (distal tuberosity) phalanges of fingers of the hand were studied on 150 skeletons of adult men and women hands at the age 21-90 years old. Results. The correlation between the length of proximal phalanges and pulse- high-rise parameters of proximal, medium and distal phalanges of 2-5th fingers of hand was determined. Conclusion. The length of the proximal phalange forms a different strength and direction of the correlation. The lengths of the proximal phalanges have a positive direction of moderate strength with all parameters of middle phalanges and the average degree of correlation with the length of the distal phalanges, the width of its base and the body.

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Anatomy of the precommunication part of the anterior cerebral artery in adults

Year: 2014, volume 10 Issue: №4 Pages: 607-611
Heading: Macro- and Micromorphology Article type: Review
Authors: Fomkina О.А., Nikolenko V.N., Gladilin Yu.A.
Organization: Saratov State Medical University
Summary:

Based on the data analysis of foreign and native literature information about the anatomy of the anterior cerebral artery in adults has been summarized. The data on options for arteries discharge, the area of blood supply, major anomalies and the magnitude of its size characteristics (outer diameter, wall thickness, lumen diameter) have been considered in the work under the study.

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Variability of morphometric parameters of feet in various forms of lower extremities

Year: 2014, volume 10 Issue: №4 Pages: 600-603
Heading: Macro- and Micromorphology Article type: Original article
Authors: Konnova O.V., Aleshkina O.Yu.l, Nikolenko V.N.
Organization: First Moscow State Medical University n.a. I.M. Sechenov, Saratov State Medical University
Summary:

Purpose: to identify the various forms of lower extremities variability of linear and angular parameters of feet in girls aged 17-19 years. Material and Methods. The object of the study included 242 students from Saratov State Medical University, 17—19 years. Foot digital plantography photometric device-software complex «Plantvizor» and measuring distances between sibling points of lower extremities to highlight their forms have been used as a method of research. Results. 8 forms of lower extremities, among which half per cent occurs in isolated form, valgus-direct from the mil-lennim clearance opening and a trapezoidal shape of lower extremities varus. In all forms of lower extremities morphometric parameters of feet and ratio of statistically significant differences in various forms of lower extremities have been studied. Conclusion. Anatomical basis for operational adjustment of axial disorders of tibiae and its influence on morphofunctional state of foot can be resulted from the study.

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Anterior cerebral artery variants according to individually-typological and combined variabilities of its morphological and biomechanical features

Year: 2013, volume 9 Issue: №1 Pages: 28-33
Heading: Macro- and Micromorphology Article type: Original article
Authors: Fomkina О.A., Nikolenko V.N.
Organization: First Moscow State Medical University n.a. I.M. Sechenov, Saratov State Medical University
Summary:

The purpose of the article is to define variants of anterior cerebral artery (АСА) of adults depending on typological and combined variability of its morphological and biomechanical features. Material and methods: The research has included 228 samples of anterior cerebral arteries, 115 corpses of people aged 21-84 years received on autopsy. The following points have been under the research: external and internal diameters, wall thickness, general strength, strength range, absolute and relative deformation of an artery. Results: According to the studied parameters 3 groups of variants of arteries have been allocated: with average size of a sign (M±s), with lesser size of a sign ( M + s). Combined variability of morphological and biomechanical features of АСА has been presented. Conclusion: АСА groups with higher variability, especially at men, have been observed in 2,2-2,6 times more often, than at women. As exception, thin-walled АСА which in 1,7 times more often taped at women have been considered. It has been revealed that subjects of alternative group III in 1,2-1,7 times older than those of alternative group I of arteries. Age of subjects who have been classified according to biomechanical parameters of АСА wall has been approximately identical (r=0,28-0,51). The experimentally received data about morphological, deforming and strengthening features may be of great value in studying of blood flow modeling and in optimization of intravascular interventions on cerebral arteries.

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Morphological methods in establishment of common and specific signs in forensic identification of personality

Year: 2012, volume 8 Issue: №4 Pages: 900-905
Heading: forensic medicine Article type: Review
Authors: Pigolkin U.I., Nikolenko V.N., Zolotenkova G.V., Dallakian V.Ph.
Organization: First Moscow State Medical University n.a. I.M. Sechenov, Moscow State Medical Stomatological University n.a. A. I. Evdokimov
Summary:

This review describes the forensic medical identification by using the morphological characteristics of the internal organs for ascertainment of the age of death. The earlier offered methods by using results of morphology and mor-phometry of bones system and of internal organs are described. Prospects of further researches on a problem are planned.

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