Saratov JOURNAL of Medical and Scientific Research

acute cerebrovascular accident

Public knowledge of risk factors, signs and treatment of stroke: Analysis of the survey results in 2014 and 2017

Year: 2018, volume 14 Issue: №1 Pages: 177-185
Heading: Neurology Article type: Original article
Authors: Shchanitsyn I.N., Razdorskaya V.V., Kolokolov O.V., Lukina E.V., Loi'ko V.S,
Organization: Center of Medical Inspection, Moscow, Saratov State Medical University
Summary:

Aim. This study was conducted to establish levels of knowledge in the general population, and also to determine the impact of educational sessions on stroke knowledge. Material and Methods. Two groups (2014 and 2017 years) completed a stroke knowledge questionnaire (435 respondents). Results. Overall, most of respondents could list 2 or more risk factors, but only 50% in 2014 could list 3 warning signs. More than 80% would call emergency number in response to stroke, but only 25% had heard of thrombolytic therapy. Overall stroke knowledge scores decreased in 2017 despite the public awareness in the media. Conclusion. Currently the knowledge of stroke risk factors, warning signs, and treatment is poor in Saratov. Our study demonstrates that more educational campaigns should be conducted for improve knowledge of stroke symptoms, and therapy.

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2018_01-1_177-185.pdf1.17 MB

Analysis of observations of acute strokes during the period from 2009 till 2012

Summary:

Objective: analysis of autopsy material of the patients who died with clinical diagnosis of stroke. Material and Methods. The protocols of postmortem investigations of 172 patients have been studied. The interested information were added to the questionnaire. Material was processed statistically. Results. It has been determined that 51,74% of dead patients were men and 48,26% were women. 96,9% of dead patients were from age group of 41-50 and 81-90 years respectively. The causes of death of the patients were edema of brain and pneumonia, which developed within 24 hours to 7 days. In 16,28% and 11.05% the death was fixed from 7 to 14 and from 14 to 28 days, respectively. The conclusive clinical diagnosis more commonly consisted of two basic diseases. Conclusion. There is a positive trend for improvement of the quality of diagnosis of stroke, to reduce the number of mistakes in conclusive clinical diagnosis.

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2014_03_378-383.pdf1.46 MB