Saratov JOURNAL of Medical and Scientific Research

elderly and senile patients

Evaluation of influence of social factors on the psycho-emotional state of persons of elderly and senile age

Year: 2019, volume 15 Issue: №3 Pages: 674-677
Heading: Health Service Organization Article type: Original article
Authors: Sazanova G.Yu., Shulpina N.Yu., Ponomarev A.D., Kraynova A.M., Isakova E.A., Tsapikova Yu.S.
Organization: Saratov State Medical University
Summary:

Objective: to identify patterns of influence of social factors on the psycho-emotional state of the elderly and senile age. Material and Methods. A survey of 385 patients (average age-78.5±0.5 years). The following research methods were used: sociological (questionnaires composed of questions relating to the psycho-emotional state from the social block of the WHO quality of life questionnaire), statistical (Chi-square and the coefficient of mutual conjugacy of Chuprov»s qualitative signs using SPSS). Results. In the course of the study it was proved that the psycho-emotional state of the elderly and senile age is influenced by age, marital status, education and the number of children. Life satisfaction among married people was 3.4, widows and widowers 3.3, divorced 2.9 points. The strongest relationship between the level of education and satisfaction of respondents with their ability to make decisions and satisfaction with themselves as a person was revealed in persons with full secondary education (3.6 and 3.2 points, respectively), the lowest — in persons with secondary special (2.9 points) and incomplete secondary education (2.6 points). Respondents with two children and more (1.8 points) who are married (2.0 points) feel less lonely. In general, there is a reassessment of the individual, social status has a huge impact on the well-being and lives of people. They begin to perceive everything that is happening around them more sharply. All this together affects the objective component of life. Conclusion. The regularities of the influence of social factors on the psycho-emotional state of the elderly and senile age. Satisfaction with life in old and old age depends on marital status, education and number of children, which is connected with the opportunity to receive help and help others, and, accordingly, a higher appreciation of oneself as a person.

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Quality of medical care for the elderly in out-patient conditions according to the sociological survey

Year: 2014, volume 10 Issue: №1 Pages: 21-26
Heading: Health Service Organization Article type: Original article
Authors: Novokreshchenova I.G, Senchenco I.K.
Organization: Saratov State Medical University
Summary:

The process of aging is caused by the early development of chronic complications and diversity of morphological and functional changes of organs and systems. Therefore the provision of preventive and curative care of this category of citizens has significant clinical and organizational features. Aim: to identify the main problems of medical care for the elderly and to examine the medical care. Material and Methods. 250 physicians of various specialties of medical institutions of the Saratov region on health care of the elderly in out-patient clinics have been surveyed by specially designed questionnaires. The state of receiving care in out-patient clinics has been studied among the elderly and the senile patients (n=568) by questioning. Results: The majority of physicians recognize the importance of the problem of increasing the quality of care for the elderly. The development of assistance of gerontological profile and the need for optimization of rendering out-patient care for this category of population in the central clinics and regional medical institutions. Conclusion. The level of satisfaction of elderly patients depends on the age characteristics, gender, health and social status and the place of residence of the study group.

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