Saratov JOURNAL of Medical and Scientific Research

the radioactive waste

Analysis of foreign practices for the safe management regulation of waste containing very low active manmade radionuclides (review)

Year: 2019, volume 15 Issue: №4 Pages: 971-976
Heading: Тhematic supplement Article type: Review
Authors: Barchukov V.G., Kochetkov О.А., Kuznetsova L.I., Maksimov A.A.
Organization: State Research Center— Burnasyan Federal Medical Biophysical Center of Federal Medical Biological Agency

Today, wastes that have specific activities lower than those assigned to solid radioactive waste, but higher than levels permitted for unrestricted use are enclosed in a legal vacuum. This fact necessitates searching for legislative and regulatory solutions. In order to find the most acceptable solution, this review examines the practice of solving similar problems in countries with developed nuclear energy. Recommendations of international organizations on the development of a safe management system of such waste are reviewed as well. Based on the information presented in this review, the allocation of this waste category including the establishment of legislative and regulatory requirements for its safe management seems the most logical and taking into account the current practice of waste management in Russia.

2019_04-1_971-976.pdf339.56 KB

Problems of nuclear heritage regulation

Year: 2013, volume 9 Issue: №4 Pages: 811-815
Heading: Hygiene Article type: Review
Authors: Kotenko K.V., Shandala N.K.
Organization: State Scientific Research Center n.a. A.I. Burnasyan — Federal Medical Biophysical Center of Federal Medical Biological Agency

Nuclear heritage are the objects of defense industry complex which aren't meeting modern requirements of nuclear and radiation safety, and also the territories polluted owing to previous nuclear activity and production of uranium. The main existing problem consists in the absence in the current legislation of complex standard and legal bases of activity on questions of the address with the nuclear heritage, the principles providing realization directed on prevention of harmful effects of objects of such heritage on the person and environment, decrease of burden on the subsequent generations.

2013_04-01_811-815.pdf336.42 KB