Saratov JOURNAL of Medical and Scientific Research

To the question of the interrelation between accommodation disorders and features of the structure of the angle of the front camera of the eye in patients with myopia

Year: 2020, volume 16 Issue: №2 Pages: 591-594
Heading: Ophtalmology Article type: Original article
Authors: Breev V.A., Solodkova E.G., Kuznetsova O.S., Balalin S.V.
Organization: S. Fyodorov Eye Microsurgery Federal State Institution

The purpose of the study is to evaluate the relationship between the structures of the anterior chamber, disorders of the hydrodynamics of the eye and the work of the accommodation apparatus in patients with myopia. Material and Methods. The study involved 235 patients (235 eyes) with various degrees of myopic refraction. Patients are divided into 3 observation groups depending on the degree of myopia. Group 1 consisted of 103 patients (103 eyes) with mild myopia; group 2 consisted of 92 patients (92 eyes) with moderate myopia; group 3 consisted of 40 patients (40 eyes) with high myopia. Results. It was found that 95 patients with varying degrees of myopia (40.4%) had anterior chamber depth of more than 3.6 mm. During gonioscopy, goniodisgenesis was detected: in group 1 on 6 eyes (13%); in the 2nd group on 8 eyes (25%); in the 3rd group on 11 eyes (57%). A combination of increased corneal-compensated IOP of more than 21.0 mm Hg and habitual excess accommodation voltage (PINA) was recorded in group 1 in 1 case (2.3%), in group 2 in 3 cases (9.4%); in group 3 in 6 cases (31.5%). Conclusion. In myopic refraction, there is a syndrome of stretching of the anterior segment of the eyeball, which is more pronounced in high-grade myopia and is more often accompanied by ophthalmohypertension syndrome of overstrain of accommodation.

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