Saratov JOURNAL of Medical and Scientific Research

Health of future and present time doctors from the standpoint of psychosomatic medicine: patterns and paradoxes

Year: 2019, volume 15 Issue: №3 Pages: 749-753
Heading: Cardiology Article type: Original article
Authors: Kodochigova A.l., Olenko E.S., Parshina S.S., Yuranova Yu.V., Puzakov K.K., Zhuk A.A., Subbotina V.G., Pavlishcheva I.D.
Organization: Saratov City Clinical Hospital No. 9, Saratov State Medical University

The purpose of the study is to conduct comparative analysis of personal psychological characteristics of medical university students and doctors of a therapeutic profile to determine possible risks of developing psychosomatic diseases with subsequent recommendations for conducting personalized psychological correction of the revealed changes. Material and Methods. To achieve this goal 44 medical students (group I) and 36 doctors working in hospitals of the city (group II) were examined using the self-assessment С Spielberger — Y Khanin' anxiety scale, E. Heim's method of stress-coping behavior, and S. Dellinger's psychogeometric test. Results. It was revealed that the members of both groups had high levels of personal anxiety and were adaptive in the emotional coping sphere. Representatives of group I were distinguished by the presence of predominantly non-adaptive reactions in the cognitive sphere, however, they were constructive in designing stress-overcoming behavior proper, in contrast to representatives of group II. Medical university students were characterized by inconsistency of intrapersonal traits. Conclusion. Thus, it is advisable to recommend psychological correction of the revealed changes, i. e. to reduce high level of anxiety in both students and doctors; to increase adaptability among students in the cognitive sphere and among doctors in the behavioral sphere; to resolve intrapsychic conflicts in students to improve psychosomatic pathology prevention.

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