Saratov JOURNAL of Medical and Scientific Research

Topography features of the incisive canal in early adults

Year: 2019, volume 15 Issue: №3 Pages: 690-696
Heading: Human anatomy Article type: Original article
Authors: Kalmin O.V., llyunina 0.0., Zyulkina L.A.
Organization: Penza State University

Aim is to study topography of incisive canal depending on sex, parameters of craniofacial complex and dentition. Material and Methods. 174 adult persons of both sexes aged 21-35 years (first adult persons) (80 men and 94 women) were objects of the research. Garson facial index, upper face index and average modulus of maxilla were determined. Number of Stensen foramen and foramen incisivum, their sizes and shape; distances between foramen incisivum and inferior palatal and inferior labial point of maxillary alveolar process; length, shape, type and angle of inclination of incisive canal; bone density around incisive canal were determined on CBCT. Results. Size of nasal and incisivum foramen, length of incisive canal is significantly higher in men, and distances between foramen incisivum and inferior palatal and inferior labial points of alveolar process is significantly higher in women. Dimensions of heart-shaped foramen incisivum prevailed over sizes of droplet-shaped and oval foramen incisivum, and oval-shaped sizes were the smallest. Length of hourglass-shaped incisive canal was 3.4% higher than length of funnel-shaped canal, and 5.6% more than cylindrical shaped ones; length of spindle-shaped incisive canal was 12.7% higher than length of cylindrical canal. Conclusion. Incisive canal has individual variability of sizes, shape and topography depending on its shape and type, gender, cephalotype and average modulus of maxilla were determined.

1 Sapin MR, Nikolenko VN, Nikityuk DB. Human anatomy: in 2 vol. Moscow: GEOTAR-Media, 2015; vol. 2; 456 p.
2 Асаг В, Kamburoglu К. Morphological and volumetric evaluation of the nasopalatinal canal in a Turkish population using cone-beam computed tomography. Surg Radiol Anat 2015; 37 (3): 259-65.
3 Tozum TF, Guncu GN, Yildirim YD, et al. Evaluation of maxillary incisive canal characteristics related to dental implant treatment with computerized tomography: a clinical multicenter study. Journal of Periodontology 2012; 83 (3): 337-43.
4 Liang X, Jacobs R, Martens W, et al. Macro- and micro-anatomical, histological and computed tomography scan characterization of the nasopalatine canal. Journal of Clinical Periodontology 2009; 36 (7): 598-603.
5 Etoz M, Sisman Y. Evaluation of the nasopalatine canal and variations with cone-beam computed tomography. Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy 2014; 36 (8): 805-12.
6 Nasseh I, Aoun G, Sokhn S. Assessment of the Nasopalatine Canal: an Anatomical Study. Acta Inform Med 2017; 25(1): 34-8.
7 Guncu GN, Yildirim YD, Yilmaz HG, et al. Is there a gender difference in anatomic features of incisive canal and maxillary environmental bone? Clinical Oral Implants Research 2013; 24 (9): 1023-6.
8 Sem'onova AA. Variant anatomy and morphometric characteristics of the palatine-alveolar complex in adult persons. PhD diss. St. Petersburg, 2016; 171 p.
9 Arpita RT, Krishna В, Kruthika G, Venkatesh GN. Anatomy and morphology of the nasopalatine canal using cone-beam computed tomography. Imaging Sci Dent 2013; 43 (4): 273-81.

2019_03_690-696.pdf582.56 KB

No votes yet