Saratov JOURNAL of Medical and Scientific Research

Evaluation of influence of social factors on the psycho-emotional state of persons of elderly and senile age

Year: 2019, volume 15 Issue: №3 Pages: 674-677
Heading: Health Service Organization Article type: Original article
Authors: Sazanova G.Yu., Shulpina N.Yu., Ponomarev A.D., Kraynova A.M., Isakova E.A., Tsapikova Yu.S.
Organization: Saratov State Medical University

Objective: to identify patterns of influence of social factors on the psycho-emotional state of the elderly and senile age. Material and Methods. A survey of 385 patients (average age-78.5±0.5 years). The following research methods were used: sociological (questionnaires composed of questions relating to the psycho-emotional state from the social block of the WHO quality of life questionnaire), statistical (Chi-square and the coefficient of mutual conjugacy of Chuprov»s qualitative signs using SPSS). Results. In the course of the study it was proved that the psycho-emotional state of the elderly and senile age is influenced by age, marital status, education and the number of children. Life satisfaction among married people was 3.4, widows and widowers 3.3, divorced 2.9 points. The strongest relationship between the level of education and satisfaction of respondents with their ability to make decisions and satisfaction with themselves as a person was revealed in persons with full secondary education (3.6 and 3.2 points, respectively), the lowest — in persons with secondary special (2.9 points) and incomplete secondary education (2.6 points). Respondents with two children and more (1.8 points) who are married (2.0 points) feel less lonely. In general, there is a reassessment of the individual, social status has a huge impact on the well-being and lives of people. They begin to perceive everything that is happening around them more sharply. All this together affects the objective component of life. Conclusion. The regularities of the influence of social factors on the psycho-emotional state of the elderly and senile age. Satisfaction with life in old and old age depends on marital status, education and number of children, which is connected with the opportunity to receive help and help others, and, accordingly, a higher appreciation of oneself as a person.

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