Saratov JOURNAL of Medical and Scientific Research

Nurses of the psychiatric service as the specific occupational group

Year: 2016, volume 12 Issue: №2 Pages: 199-202
Heading: Sociology of Medicine Article type: Review
Authors: Klimentova I.V., Andriyanova Е.А., Chernyshkova Е.М.
Organization: Saratov State Medical University

The demand for psychiatric services in modern health care system will increase due to the growth in number of mental diseases. The role of nurses in prevention, treatment and rehabilitation of mental illness has a number of features. These features are related to care of patients with high level of aggressiveness, behavioral deviations, and problems in self-service. Differences in procedure practice and communicative space specialize and make narrower the nurses' professional practice in psychiatry and determine appearance of specific mechanisms and norms bound up with the necessity of supervision of patients while respecting their rights. Personnel's oversight functions, deviant behavior of patients, high degree of closure of psychiatric medical institutions — are the reasons for specialization of nurses' professional group in psychiatry, forming special mechanisms of maintaining tolerance to patients in professional sphere of this community.

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