Saratov JOURNAL of Medical and Scientific Research

Biomechanical modelling of cerebral arteries at different variants of configuration of intracranial arteries of vertebrobasilar system

Year: 2016, volume 12 Issue: №2 Pages: 118-127
Heading: Macro- and Micromorphology Article type: Original article
Authors: Fomkina О.А., Ivanov D.V., Kirillova I.V., Nikolenko V.N.
Organization: Saratov State Medical University, Saratov state university

The purpose is to consider the biomechanical modelling of cerebral arteries at different structural variants of intracranial arteries of vertebrobasilar system. Material and methods. By means of the system of the final and element analysis ANSYS on the basis of data on geometry, morphometricand biomechanical properties of cerebral arteries their biomechanical models have been constructed. On the received models for 9 structural variants of intracranial arteries of vertebrobasilar system, haemodynamic parameters and parameters of the intense deformed condition of walls of arteries have been analyzed. Results. The most frequent variant of a configuration of intracranial department of vertebrobasilar system is the combination of average in size of angles of connection of vertebrata and bifurcation of basilar arteries. Such option occurs in 49% of cases. More rare variant (1,5% of cases) with the narrow angles of connection of vertebrata and bifurcations of basilar arteries has been observed. The design of intracranial arteries of vertebrabasi-lar system exerts an impact on distribution of bloodflow and effective tension in a vascular wall of back brain arteries. Conclusion. According to the study it has been determined that the constructed individual biomechanical models may provide information on some parameters of haemodynamics and the intense deformed condition of a vascular wall which causes the development of atherosclerosis and intracranial aneurisms.

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