Saratov JOURNAL of Medical and Scientific Research

Molecular and cellular mechanisms of destabilization of membranes and prenatal discharge of amniotic fluid

Year: 2013, volume 9 Issue: №4 Pages: 644-648
Heading: Physiology and Pathophysiology Article type: Original article
Authors: Mikhaylov А.V., Dyatlova L.I., Chesnokova N.P., Ponukalina Е.V., Glukhova T.N.
Organization: Perinatal Centre, Saratov , Saratov State Medical University

Purpose: to establish the role of activation of lipid peroxidation and antioxidant deficiency of blood and amniotic fluid in the destabilization of membranes with early prenatal discharge of amniotic fluid. Material and methods. The analysis of lipid peroxidation products content in blood and amniotic fluid — diene conjugates (DC), malondialdehyde (MDA) and the quantitative determination of total peroxides (OxyStat), the estimation of the total antioxidant status (TAS), the activity of SOD and the content of ceruloplasmin in 20 pregnant with premature rupture of membranes in the gestation period of 22-34 weeks, were hospitalized at the Department of Pathology of Pregnancy of Saratov Perinatal Center in 2012. DC and MDA determination was carried out by conventional spectrophotometric methods of research, quantitative determination of peroxides (OxyStat) was carried out by enzyme immunoassay analyzer «Alfa Prime» («Meredith Diagnostics», 2008 using chemicals made by the company «Bender Medsystems»). The study of antioxidant status of serum and amniotic fluid was performed by enzyme immunoassay analyzer «Alfa Prime» («Meredith Diagnostics», England, 2008). Reagents («Bender Medsystems», Austria) were used to determine the total antioxidant status (TAS) and the SOD activity. To assess the content of ceruloplasmin reagent «Sentinel» (Italy) was used. Results. Indicators of lipid peroxidation in blood and amniotic fluid and anti-radical protection of biological membranes of cells and body fluids in the "mother-placenta-fetus" increased. Conclusion. Systemic activation of lipid peroxidation has been proved to be a
pathogenetic factor in the failure of membranes in prenatal discharge of amniotic fluid. The increase in the blood levels of lipid peroxidation products on the background of the activation of antioxidant system is considered as a prognostic sign of abortion.

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