Saratov JOURNAL of Medical and Scientific Research

Dynamics of Determining Motives in Choosing the Medical Profession by Medical Students

Year: 2013, volume 9 Issue: №2 Pages: 333-337
Heading: Pedagogics and Education Article type: Original article
Authors: Kloktunova N.A.
Organization: Saratov State Medical University

The purpose of the article is to study motivation of students of medical schools in choice of profession of the doctor and dynamics of defining motives in educational space of university. Material and methods: 497 students of the 1 st course took part in comparative research (356 students of medical faculty and 141 students of pediatric faculty) and 382 students of the 6th course (270 students of medical faculty and 112 students of pediatric faculty) of Saratov state medical university n.a. V. I. Razumovsky. In research methods of questioning and statistical data processing have been used. Results: The comparative analysis of the maximum and minimum values of the main types of motivation in professional field choice allowed to determine leading motives in medical students, and also to reveal their dynamics connected with various stages of professionalizing in the course of receiving medical education. Conclusion: Professional self-determination of the student of medical school has a multi-vector focus of structure of motivation. Determination by internal motives is supplemented with influence of external motivation, both positive, and negative value. In students of the 6th course indicators of motives included «Prestige», «Opportunity to help people», «Possibility of use of professional skills out of work».

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