Saratov JOURNAL of Medical and Scientific Research

№3, 2011, volume 7

Hundred years of helping people

Year: 2011, volume 7 Issue: №3 Pages: 740-743
Heading: Scientific schools Article type:
Authors: Shapkin J.G., Chalyk J.V., Potakhin S.N., Yefimov E.V.
Organization: Saratov State Medical University
Summary:

The article stated the history of department of general surgery since its foundation. It pointed out the actual issues of the present work of department, the main directions in research interests and development prospects

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Scientific contribution of professor V.A. Arnoldov to the development of hygiene and sanitation in Russia (dedicated to the 150-th anniversary of his birth)

Year: 2011, volume 7 Issue: №3 Pages: 735-740
Heading: Scientific schools Article type:
Authors: Zavyalov A.I., Eliseev Yu.Yu., Lutsevich I.N., Rajkova S.V., Alekseeva N.I.
Organization: Saratov State Medical University
Summary:

The article presents biographic data about professor V.A. Arnoldov, highlighting his scientific and practical contribution to the development of hygiene and sanitation in Russia; foundation of department of hygiene in Imperial Nickolay University (Saratov city)

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The studyjng motor memory in applied formation of professionaily-applied physical culture of the person doctors

Year: 2011, volume 7 Issue: №3 Pages: 730-734
Heading: Pedagogics and Education Article type: Original article
Authors: Pavlov V.I.
Organization: Saratov State Medical University
Summary:

Aim. Development of technical devices and means of motor memory study in humans as well as their use in process of medical professionals training are considered to be one of the most important factors in educating applied training at medical schools and universities. The purpose of this research was the development of device for study of precision motion playback. Material and methods. The study included more than 1600 volunteers. In the result of the research it was established that persistent change in accuracy of playback parameters of movement for persons engaged in physical exercises in various educational departments of physical education are not homogeneous

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Innovation and development prospects of pre-university education of Saratov State Medical University

Year: 2011, volume 7 Issue: №3 Pages: 727-730
Heading: Pedagogics and Education Article type: Original article
Authors: Popkov V.M., Protopopov A. A., Fedorova L.M., Naumova E.V.
Organization: Saratov State Medical University
Summary:

The article considers innovative methods used in the pre-university education at Saratov State Medical University and directed to the modernization of educational program. It points out that competence-based approach includes the following components — problem teaching and adaptive system, heuristic teaching, personal approach to teaching, computerization, distant education technologies and integration-module technology

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Cystic growths of spleen in children

Year: 2011, volume 7 Issue: №3 Pages: 724-726
Heading: Surgery Article type: Author's opinion
Authors: Morozov D.A., Goremykin I.V., Turkovsky V.B., Napolnikov F.К., Pogosyan K.L., Lukyanenko E.A.
Organization: Saratov State Medical University
Summary:

The effectiveness of different surgical techniques in patients with cystic lesions of spleen is considered in the article. The results of treatment of 9 children aged from 9 to 16 years old during the period from 1998 till 2009 have been analyzed. The examination included ultrasound computerized tomography and MRT Differential diagnosis was made between lymphangiomas, hemangiomas and true cystic growths of spleen. The proper diagnosis was made after his-tological examination. The invasive procedures preserving spleen were preferred. But despite the surgical technique the possibility of cystic recurrence was remained. Percutaneus puncture with draining and long term sclerotherapy performed by laparoscopy control was considered to be a safe procedure

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Ultrasonic diagnostics perspectives in patients with urolithiasis (review)

Year: 2011, volume 7 Issue: №3 Pages: 718-723
Heading: Urology Article type: Review
Authors: Skvorzova N.V., Chekhonatskaya M.L., Rossolovsky A.N., Kondratjeva О.A., Sedova L.N., Abramova A.P.
Organization: Saratov State Medical University
Summary:

The current aspects of ultrasonic diagnostics and monitoring in treatment of urolithiasis and obstructive syndrome were considered on the basis of the analysis of native and foreign literature. The reaction of hemodynamic parameters of the kidney to obstruction of the upper urinary tract and the impact of the shock waves on renal parenchyma were under the study. The potential of Doppler in the evaluation of renal blood flow both before and after surgery were highlighted in the article

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Bacterial spectrum of urine in staghorn calculi nephrolithiasis

Year: 2011, volume 7 Issue: №3 Pages: 714-718
Heading: Urology Article type: Original article
Authors: Kogan М.I, Hasigov A.V., Belousov l.l.
Organization: Rostov State Medical University
Summary:

Purpose: to study the role of the bacterial spectrum of urine in the development and clinical course of staghorn calculi nephrolithiasis. Patients and Methods. From 2008 to 2010 in the urological department of Rostov State Medical University urine culture was assessed in 86 patients with staghorn calculi. Mean age was 50,4±5,9 (25-73) years. Results: Most of the patients with staghorn calculus (89,5%) have microbial contamination of urine, which has a high correlation with leucocituria, and the spectrum of microorganisms often has the various bacterial associations, which caused more infection complications during treatment. Conclusion: In the urine urease-producing bacteria, E. Coli, gram-positive organisms, nonclostridial anaerobic bacteria were predominated

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Vascular endothelial growth factor as a marker of development of relapses in the postoperative period in kidney and bladder tumors

Year: 2011, volume 7 Issue: №3 Pages: 711-714
Heading: Urology Article type: Original article
Authors: Durnov D.A., Mikhailov V. Yu., Zakharova N.B., Ponukalin A.N.
Organization: Saratov State Medical University
Summary:

Aim: The article considers the results of research of the vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) in blood serum in patients with kidney and bladder tumors after surgical intervention. Materials and methods: The total of investigated patients consisted of 75 primary patients with kidney cancer (stages pT1-pT3N0M0), 75 patients with non-muscle-invasive bladder cancer (NMIBC), stages pTa-1NxMoG1-3, 25 patients with cysts of kidneys and 30 healthy patients. Results of research of content of VEGF in patients with kidney cancer and NMIBC in the postoperative period confirmed the role of angiogenesis processes both in the development of tumoral tissue and relapses of disease. Conclusion: Investigations of VEGF in blood serum may be additional method of revealing kidney cancer and NMIBC after surgical treatment of relapses of disease and may influence on the duration of recurrence-free period

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Modern conceptions about mechanisms of progression process of hip dysplasia in children (review)

Year: 2011, volume 7 Issue: №3 Pages: 704-710
Heading: Traumatology and Orthopedics Article type: Review
Authors: Sertakova А.V., Morozova O.L., Norkin I.A., Anisimov D.I.
Organization: Saratov State Medical University, Saratov Scientific Research Institute of Traumatology and Orthopedics
Summary:

In the literature review of modern data concerning mechanisms of formation and progression process of hip dysplasia in children is represented. The questions concerning classification, processes of morphological and functional (biochemical) change of osteocartilaginous components of hip in children with connective tissue dysplasia, changes of content of remodeling and skeletal system degradation markers, angiogenesis in the process of progression of pathological changes in joint are taken up

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Surgical treatment of equinus foot deformity in children with cerebral palsy (review)

Year: 2011, volume 7 Issue: №3 Pages: 699-703
Heading: Traumatology and Orthopedics Article type: Review
Authors: Krasnov A.S.
Organization: N. Novgorod Scientific Research Institute of Traumatology and Orthopedics
Summary:

The review presents data about etiology and pathogenesis of cerebral palsy in children and its clinical manifestations. The effectiveness analysis of main surgical methods to correct equinus foot deformity in children with cerebral palsy has been conducted. The article comes to conclusion that at present surgical methods eliminating all pathologic deformity units are incompletely presented. In this connection high recurrence frequency after using traditional treatment methods is registered. Development of surgical intervention adequate to pathologic foot state in children with cerebral palsy is a perspective direction in treatment of given category of patients

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